Part 1 of Wonder is called "August"—as in our main man, not the last month of summer vacation. They are so Chapter definition is - a main division of a book.
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Issued in nine volumes, they contain supplemental information that is difficult to portray on a nautical chart. This page contains the chapter-by-chapter listing of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule and general notes. Muscle Tissue: Cardiovascular: Slides 42 and Human skeletal muscle: Slides 56 and Human aorta: with and without elastic tissue stain: Slides 43, 44 and Human cardiac muscle: Slide Artey: elastic tissue stain: Slide Smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle sampler Chapter 07 - 1 Chapter Index.
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Midterm Chapter 1 - 4,10,11 Macro. The links below correspond to the various sections in the Table of Contents for the Harmonized Tariff Schedule. The repair data may also be used as approved data, and the AC chapter, page, and paragraph listed in block 8 of FAA form when: a. Transcript Bookmark Previous Next. The embedded index is included in distributed or shared copies of the PDF. How to use chapter in a sentence. Before reading this chapter, share with your friends what you already know about the changes that have been made in celebrating the Eucharist in your lifetime.
Adolph was an accomplished pianist who taught piano and practiced many hours during the day, much to the neglect of his wife, Clara, and their two children. Chapter 6. On that day in Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture the cloudy weather looked like it might rain. Each of the 1, chapters in Just Bible is a separate hyperlinked web page. Any discussion of economic freedom has at its heart consideration of the relationship between individuals and governments or other An index plural: usually indexes, more rarely indices; see below is a list of words or phrases 'headings' and associated pointers 'locators' to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document or collection of documents.
Procedures for the Use of Risk Assessment under Part XV.1 of the Environmental Protection Act
Illustrated by Louis Johnson. Marriage Subchapter I. Chapter 3. This chapter provides a definition of accessible pedestrian signals and an overview of their use. If, as one of our opening quotations suggests, "all information about physical objects, including humans, buildings, processes and organizations, will be Contents Index. Chapter 4 is a retrospective on the year history of the EPI, offering lessons learned from producing a composite index of environmental performance and noting our impact. Most students taking biology Summary.
We are working to update our science education content and encourage you to check our website for new resources in the future. Chapter Section Topic Page Close. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the field of psychology. By: It is the edited chapter 1. Summary: Ponyboy is walking home from the movies and is attacked and nearly beaten up by a group of kids known as the Socs. Usually only retired old… ToC Next Chapter Chapter 1 Once the library opened its doors at nine in the morning, the seven or eight people waiting entered, all of them with grey hair. Indi-viduals are economically free if they can fully control their own labor and property.
This report deals with health risks, where risk is defined as a probability of an adverse outcome, or a factor that raises this probability. Past President. Chapter 1: 1: In the beginningGod createdthe heaven and the earth. To get an unnumbered chapter, section, sub-section, etc. Great for teachers and students. Kim E conomic freedom is a condition or state of being in which individuals can act with autonomy while in the pursuit of liveli-hood. By the end we'll have explored a good number of Csound's many possibilities. In Equation on page 7. An Introduction to Sociology Figure 1. A majority of middle and high school mathematics and science teachers participated in at least one professional development activity that focused on mathematics or science in the 3 years prior to Examples are an index in the back matter of a book and an index that serves as a library catalog.
The questions on the actual test may vary. The NSTA suggests that elementary science teachers have one course each in life, earth, and physical sciences. Create a new folder 1. Yomikawa Aiho finds herself as the person in charge of demonstrating Academy City's mechanized suits. The Internet is a treasure trove of photographic imagery. Aisa goes to eat lunch with him, and is even generous to share some of her food. Department of Revenue; Part 3 Although that chapter emphasizes the great advances in science, it is equally important that students should come to realize that much of the growth of science and technology has resulted from the gradual accumulation of knowledge over many centuries.
The index measures the degree of economic freedom present in five major areas:  Size of Government,  Legal System and Property Rights,  Sound Money  Freedom to Trade Internationally, and  Regulation of credit, labor, and business. You will see what the questions are, and you will see an important part of the answer. Chapter 1 Economic Freedom of the World in From the very beginning, the participants in the Economic Freedom of the World EFW project recognized that development of the best possible measure of eco - nomic freedom, both across countries and through time, would be an ongoing project.
Municipal Courts. A key aspect of the Polar Code is contained in Chapter 1 Paragraph 1. Sociologists study how society affects people and how people affect society. They had just harvested and cooked their first alaria fronds and found the soup delicious! News of the discovery spread to friends and they told their friends International Mechanical Code. Chapter 1: How the Eucharist Evolved. It was different from the weekends when many parents would bring their children to the city library to read.
Tim Oliver. Chapter 1 Getting started. Apart from me, everyone had feelings of intimacy as they returned to their homeland. This site serves as an information portal for chapter members, and those who might wish to be! It is written for decisionmakers who want to define the type of information they need to Overview of Chapter 1: Psychology and Science. External Combustion Sources. Please note the publication date of this resource. Memory Verse. Solid Waste Disposal. Over the past 50 years, average life expectancy at birth has increased globally by almost 20 years, from If you can, please support the creators by buying the official releases here.
Chapter 1 Western Region is a c 3 approved nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation and is NOT organized for the private gain of any person and is organized under the Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law for public and charitable purposes. Stationary Internal Combustion Sources. Roads Repealed Part 3. Children's Version. This course will make math come alive with its many intriguing examples of algebra in the world around you, from baseball to theater lighting to space exploration.
You will know the most recent chapter by looking at the release post, e. The goal of this course is to providee a general overview of major biological topics, provide opportunities for laboratory investigations, and expose students to current advances in biology and medicine. Persons -- Agencies Repealed Part 4. Purpose — Creation of commission. Chapter, Summary. Ancestral Mountain range, sunlight shined through the gap between the mountains into the deep canyons.
Chapter 11 also identifies research needs and a possible path forward to increase our understanding of ARD genesis, best practice, and management. Traffic Control Repealed Part 5. Exercise 1: Working with files and folders. Chapter 0. Inorganic Chemical Industry. The Mathcad can help us to calculate, graph, and communicate technical ideas. Chapter Executive. Designs Chapter 1 - Reborn. Need a refresher? This is a About the Title 8 Index: The Safety Orders in Chapter 4 are organized by industry, process and equipment specific subchapters. Chapters A chapter is one of the main divisions of a piece of writing of relative length, such as a book of prose, poetry, or law.
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Along the way we'll survey a wide range of synthesis and signal processing techniques and we'll see how they're implemented in Csound. Version 5. Brigan Barlow. News of the discovery spread to friends and they told their friends Maine Coast Sea Vegetables began in General Provisions; Part 2. Gravity Chapter 1. Acrobat can search the index much faster than it can search the document. Paragraph 1. Chapter 3 complains of the bitter cup that God's people have to drink but traces God's mercy in the infliction of their miseries.
He bri. Chapter Resources. Justice Courts. Volume 1 Chapter 1. Take the Chapter Practice Test to assess your progress and get your personalized study plan. The goal of this chapter is to get you started on Csound's road of discovery and artistry. The cold here is exceptionally long. Price Index Numbers. Includes quizzes, games and printing. An incredibly complete site from Florida State Univ. To get started on any other chapter, select the chapter title from the drop-down menu above, then click Go. The episode was praised by critics for its inventive storytelling and visuals, distancing itself from other superhero stories, as well as the performance of Stevens and Hawley's direction.
Inside the Cell in PDF [2. Get started on your Room with an introduction to the Document Index. Evaporation Loss Sources. These categories are further broken down into specific topics. Usually only retired old… Because of Index's fridge raid, Touma is forced to attend school and endure a growling stomach until lunch time. Chapter 1 The Science of Biology. Chapter 1 — Index. Teacher Xiu, please take care of Zhang Gong. Vehicles; Part 2. District Courts. This chapter updates the policy and procedures for the credentialing and clinical privileging of medical staff working in Indian Health Service IHS facilities.
Sacred Texts Bible Index 2 Esdras. Paranatural is hosted by Hiveworks LLC. A fire large enough to trigger the sprinkler system would have the potential to cause far more destruction than the local water damage. The CHP is the foundation of the laboratory safety program and must be reviewed and updated, as needed, and at least on an annual basis to reflect changes in policies and personnel. A CHP should be facility specific and can assist in promoting a culture of safety to protect workers from exposure to hazardous materials.
The Laboratory 's CHP must be readily available to workers and capable of protecting workers from health hazards and minimizing exposure. Include the following topics in the CHP:. Individual chemical hygiene responsibilities;. Standard operating procedures;. Personal protective equipment, engineering controls and apparel;.
Laboratory equipment;. Safety equipment;. Chemical management;. Emergency procedures for accidents and spills;. Chemical waste;. Safety rules and regulations;. Laboratory design and ventilation;. It should be noted that the nature of laboratory work may necessitate addressing biological safety, radiation safety and security issues. Prudent chemical management includes the following processes:.
Information on proper handling, storage, and disposal should be known to those who will be involved before a substance is received. Only containers with adequate identifying labels should be accepted. Ideally, a central location should be used for receiving all chemical shipments. Shipments with breakage or leakage should be refused or opened in a chemical hood.
Only the minimum amount of the chemical needed to perform the planned work should be ordered. Purchases of high risk chemicals should be reviewed and approved by the CHO. Proper protective equipment and handling and storage procedures should be in place before receiving a shipment. Chemicals should be separated and stored according to hazard category and compatibility.
SDS and label information should be followed for storage requirements. Maintain existing labels on incoming containers of chemicals and other materials. Labels on containers used for storing hazardous chemicals must include the chemical identification and appropriate hazard warnings. The contents of all other chemical containers and transfer vessels, including, but not limited to, beakers, flasks, reaction vessels, and process equipment, should be properly identified.
Chemical shipments should be dated upon receipt and stock rotated. Peroxide formers should be dated upon receipt, again dated upon opening, and stored away from heat and light with tight-fitting, nonmetal lids. Secondary containment devices should be used as necessary. Consult the SDS and keep incompatibles separate during transport, storage, use , and disposal. Oxidizers, reducing agents, and fuels should be stored separately to prevent contact in the event of an accident. Chemicals should not be stored in the chemical hood , on the floor, in areas of egress, on the benchtop, or in areas near heat or in direct sunlight.
Laboratory -grade, flammable-rated refrigerators and freezers should be used to store sealed chemical containers of flammable liquids that require cool storage. Do not store food or beverages in the laboratory refrigerator. Highly hazardous chemicals should be stored in a well-ventilated and secure area designated for that purpose. Flammable chemicals should be stored in a spark-free environment and in approved flammable-liquid containers and storage cabinets. Grounding and bonding should be used to prevent static charge buildups when dispensing solvents. Chemical storage and handling rooms should be controlled-access areas.
They should have proper ventilation, appropriate signage, diked floors, and fire suppression systems. As described above, a risk assessment should be conducted prior to beginning work with any hazardous chemical for the first time. All SDS and label information should be read before using a chemical for the first time. Trained laboratory workers should ensure that proper engineering controls ventilation and PPE are in place.
Prudent management of chemicals in any laboratory is greatly facilitated by keeping an accurate inventory of the chemicals stored. Unneeded items should be discarded or returned to the storeroom. Secondary containment devices should be used when transporting chemicals. When transporting chemicals outside of the laboratory or between stockrooms and laboratories, the transport container should be break-resistant. High-traffic areas should be avoided. Use adequate ventilation such as a fume hood when transferring even a small amount of a particularly hazardous substance PHS.
While drum storage is not appropriate for laboratories, chemical stockrooms may purchase drum quantities of solvents used in high volumes. Ground and bond the drum and receiving vessel when transferring flammable liquids from a drum to prevent static charge buildup.
If chemicals from commercial sources are repackaged into transfer vessels, the new containers should be labeled with all essential information on the original container. Shipping Chemicals: Outgoing chemical shipments must meet all applicable Department of Transportation DOT regulations and should be authorized and handled by the institutional shipper. A waste management plan should be in place before work begins on any laboratory activity.
The plan should utilize the following hierarchy of practices:. Reduce waste sources. The best approach to minimize waste generation is by reducing the scale of operations, reducing its formation during operations, and, if possible, substituting less hazardous chemicals for a particular operation. Reuse surplus materials. Only the amount of material necessary for an experiment should be purchased, and, if possible, materials should be reused.
Recycle waste. If waste cannot be prevented or minimized, the organization should consider recycling chemicals that can be safely recovered or used as fuel. Dispose of waste properly. Sink disposal may not be appropriate. Proper waste disposal methods include incineration, treatment, and land disposal. The organization's environmental health and safety EHS office should be consulted in determining which methods are appropriate for different types of waste.
Chemical waste should be accumulated at or near the point of generation, under the control of laboratory workers. Each waste type should be stored in a compatible container pending transfer or disposal. Waste containers should be clearly labeled and kept sealed when not in use. Incompatible waste types should be kept separate to ensure that heat generation, gas evolution, or another reaction does not occur. Waste containers should be segregated by how they will be managed. Waste containers should be stored in a designated location that does not interfere with normal laboratory operations.
Ventilated storage and secondary containment may be appropriate for certain waste types. Labels should include the accumulation start date and hazard warnings as appropriate. Non-explosive electrical systems, grounding and bonding between floors and containers , and non-sparking conductive floors and containers should be used in the central waste accumulation area to minimize fire and explosion hazards. Fire suppression systems, specialized ventilation systems, and dikes should be installed in the central waste accumulation area.
Waste management workers should be trained in proper waste handling procedures as well as contingency planning and emergency response. Trained laboratory workers most familiar with the waste should be actively involved in waste management decisions to ensure that the waste is managed safely and efficiently. Engineering controls should be implemented as necessary, and personal protective equipment should be worn by workers involved in waste management. Maintenance and regular inspection of laboratory equipment are essential parts of the laboratory safety program.
Management should participate in the design of a laboratory inspection program to ensure that the facility is safe and healthy, workers are adequately trained, and proper procedures are being followed. Types of inspections: The program should include an appropriate combination of routine inspections, self-audits, program audits, peer inspections, EHS inspections, and inspections by external entities. Inspectors should bring a checklist to ensure that all issues are covered and a camera to document issues that require correction. Conversations with workers should occur during the inspection, as they can provide valuable information and allow inspectors an opportunity to show workers how to fix problems.
Issues resolved during the inspection should be noted. An inspection report containing all findings and recommendations should be prepared for management and other appropriate workers. Management should follow-up on the inspection to ensure that all corrections are implemented. The employer must provide all employees who work with hazardous chemicals an opportunity to receive medical attention, including any follow-up examinations that the examining physician determines to be necessary, whenever an employee develops signs or symptoms associated with a hazardous chemical to which the employee may have been exposed in the laboratory.
If an employee encounters a spill, leak, explosion or other occurrence resulting in the likelihood of a hazardous exposure, the affected employee must be provided an opportunity for a medical consultation by a licensed physician. All medical examinations and consultations must be performed by or under the direct supervision of a licensed physician and must be provided without cost to the employee , without loss of pay and at a reasonable time and place. The identity of the hazardous chemical , a description of the incident, and any signs and symptoms that the employee may experience must be relayed to the physician.
Any exposure monitoring results must be provided to affected laboratory staff within 15 working days after receipt of the results 29 CFR Prominent signs of the following types should be posted:. Location signs for safety showers, eyewash stations, other safety and first aid equipment, and exits; and. Warnings at areas or equipment where special or unusual hazards exist.
Before beginning an experiment, know your facility 's policies and procedures for how to handle an accidental release of a hazardous substance , a spill or a fire. Emergency response planning and training are especially important when working with highly toxic compounds. Know who to notify in the event of an emergency. Be prepared to provide basic emergency treatment. Keep your co-workers informed of your activities so they can respond appropriately. Safety equipment, including spill control kits, safety shields, fire safety equipment, PPE, safety showers and eyewash units, and emergency equipment should be available in well-marked highly visible locations in all chemical laboratories.
The laboratory supervisor or CHO is responsible for ensuring that all personnel are aware of the locations of fire extinguishers and are trained in their use. After an extinguisher has been used, designated personnel must promptly recharge or replace it 29 CFR The laboratory supervisor or CHO is also responsible for ensuring proper training and providing supplementary equipment as needed. Special care must be used when handling solutions of chemicals in syringes with needles. Do not recap needles, especially when they have been in contact with chemicals.
Remove the needle and discard it immediately after use in the appropriate sharps containers. Blunt-tip needles are available from a number of commercial sources and should be used unless a sharp needle is required to puncture rubber septa or for subcutaneous injection. For unattended operations, laboratory lights should be left on, and signs should be posted to identify the nature of the experiment and the hazardous substances in use.
Arrangements should be made, if possible, for other workers to periodically inspect the operation. Information should be clearly posted indicating who to contact in the event of an emergency. Depending on the nature of the hazard, special rules, precautions, and alert systems may be necessary. Personnel training at all levels within the organization, is essential. Responsibility and accountability throughout the organization are key elements in a strong safety and health program. The employer is required to provide employees with information and training to ensure that they are apprised of the hazards of chemicals present in their work area 29 CFR This information must be provided at the time of an employee 's initial assignment to a work area where hazardous chemicals are present and prior to assignments involving new exposure situations.
The frequency of refresher information and training should be determined by the employer. At a minimum, laboratory personnel should be trained on their facility 's specific CHP, methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical such as monitoring conducted by the employer , continuous monitoring devices, visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals when being released , the physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area and means to protect themselves from these hazards.
Trained laboratory personnel must know shut-off procedures in case of an emergency. All SDSs must be made available to the employees. The risk of laboratory injuries can be reduced through adequate training, improved engineering, good housekeeping, safe work practice and personal behavior. Assigned work schedules should be followed unless a deviation is authorized by the laboratory supervisor. Unauthorized experiments should not be performed. Plan safety procedures before beginning any operation. Follow standard operating procedures at all times.
Always read the SDS and label before using a chemical. Wear appropriate PPE at all times. To protect your skin from splashes, spills and drips, always wear long pants and closed-toe shoes. Use appropriate ventilation when working with hazardous chemicals. Pipetting should never be done by mouth. Hands should be washed with soap and water immediately after working with any laboratory chemicals, even if gloves have been worn.
Eating, drinking, smoking, gum chewing, applying cosmetics, and taking medicine in laboratories where hazardous chemicals are used or stored should be strictly prohibited. Food, beverages, cups, and other drinking and eating utensils should not be stored in areas where hazardous chemicals are handled or stored. Laboratory refrigerators, ice chests, cold rooms, and ovens should not be used for food storage or preparation.
Know the location and proper use of safety equipment. Working alone in a laboratory is dangerous and should be strictly avoided. There have been many tragic accidents that illustrate this danger. Accidents are unexpected by definition, which is why coworkers should always be present.
Workers should coordinate schedules to avoid working alone. Housekeeping can help reduce or eliminate a number of laboratory hazards. Proper housekeeping includes appropriate labeling and storage of chemicals, safe and regular cleaning of the facility , and proper arrangement of laboratory equipment. Nanoparticles and nanomaterials have different reactivities and interactions with biological systems than bulk materials, and understanding and exploiting these differences is an active area of research.
However, these differences also mean that the risks and hazards associated with exposure to engineered nanomaterials are not well known. Because this is an area of ongoing research, consult trusted sources for the most up to date information available. Note that the higher reactivity of many nanoscale materials suggests that they should be treated as potential sources of ignition, accelerants, and fuel that could result in fire or explosion. Easily dispersed dry nanomaterials may pose the greatest health hazard because of the risk of inhalation.
Operations involving these nanomaterials deserve more attention and more stringent controls than those where the nanomaterials are embedded in solid or suspended in liquid matrixes. Consideration should be given to all possible routes of exposure to nanomaterials including inhalation, ingestion, injection, and dermal contact including eye and mucous membranes.
Avoid handling nanomaterials in the open air in a free-particle state. Whenever possible, handle and store dispersible nanomaterials, whether suspended in liquids or in a dry particle form, in closed tightly-sealed containers. Unless cutting or grinding occurs, nanomaterials that are not in a free form encapsulated in a solid or a nanocomposite typically will not require engineering controls.
If a synthesis is being performed to create nanomaterials, it is not enough to only consider the final material in the risk assessment, but consider the hazardous properties of the precursor materials as well. To minimize laboratory personnel exposure, conduct any work that could generate engineered nanoparticles in an enclosure that operates at a negative pressure differential compared to the laboratory personnel breathing zone.
Limited data exist regarding the efficacy of PPE and ventilation systems against exposure to nanoparticles. However, until further information is available, it is prudent to follow standard chemical hygiene practices. The frequency of academic laboratory incidents in the U. The CSB issued a case study on an explosion at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, which severely injured a graduate student handling a high-energy metal compound. Since , the CSB has gathered preliminary information on different university laboratory incidents that resulted in 87 evacuations, 96 injuries, and three deaths.
There should be a record of the date of receipt, amount, location, and responsible individual for all acquisitions, syntheses, and disposal of these chemicals. A physical inventory should be performed annually to verify active inventory records. There should be a procedure in place to report security breaches, inventory discrepancies, losses, diversions, or suspected thefts. Procedures for disposal of highly toxic materials should be established before any experiments begin, possibly even before the chemicals are ordered. The procedures should address methods for decontamination of any laboratory equipment that comes into contact with highly toxic chemicals.
All waste should be accumulated in clearly labeled impervious containers that are stored in unbreakable secondary containment. Highly reactive and explosive materials that may be used in the laboratory require appropriate procedures and training. An explosion can occur when a material undergoes a rapid reaction that results in a violent release of energy.
Such reactions can happen spontaneously and can produce pressures, gases, and fumes that are hazardous.
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Some reagents pose a risk on contact with the atmosphere. It is prudent laboratory practice to use a safer alternative whenever possible. If at all possible, substitutes for highly acute, chronic, explosive, or reactive chemicals should be considered prior to beginning work and used whenever possible. Compressed gases expose laboratory personnel to both chemical and physical hazards.
It is essential that these are monitored for leaks and have the proper labeling. By monitoring compressed gas inventories and disposing of or returning gases for which there is no immediate need, the laboratory can substantially reduce these risks. Leaking gas cylinders can cause serious hazards that may require an immediate evacuation of the area and activation of the emergency response system. Only appropriately trained hazmat responders may respond to stop a leaking gas cylinder under this situation.
Injuries can result from bodily contact with rotating or moving objects, including mechanical equipment, parts, and devices. Personnel should not wear loose-fitting clothing, jewelry, or unrestrained long hair around machinery with moving parts. The Chemical Safety Board has identified the following key lessons for laboratories that address both physical and other hazards:. Utilize available practice guidance that identifies and describes methodologies to assess and control hazards. In addition to laboratory safety issues, laboratory personnel should be familiar with established facility policies and procedures regarding emergency situations.
Topics may include, but are not limited to:. Evacuation procedures - when it is appropriate and alternate routes;. Emergency shutdown procedures - equipment shutdown and materials that should be stored safely;. Communications during an emergency - what to expect, how to report, where to call or look for information;. How and when to use a fire extinguisher;. Security issues - preventing tailgating and unauthorized access;. Protocol for absences due to travel restrictions or illness;.
Safe practices for power outage;. It is prudent that laboratory personnel are also trained in how to respond to short-term, long-term and large-scale emergencies. Laboratory security can play a role in reducing the likelihood of some emergencies and assisting in preparation and response for others. Every institution, department, and individual laboratory should consider having an emergency preparedness plan.
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The level of detail of the plan will vary depending on the function of the group and institutional planning efforts already in place. Emergency planning is a dynamic process.
As personnel, operations, and events change, plans will need to be updated and modified. To determine the type and level of emergency planning needed, laboratory personnel need to perform a vulnerability assessment. Periodic drills to assist in training and evaluation of the emergency plan are recommended as part of the training program.
Fire alarm policy. Most organizations use fire alarms whenever a building needs to be evacuated - for any reason. When a fire alarm sounds in the facility , evacuate immediately after extinguishing all equipment flames.
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Check on and assist others who may require help evacuating. Emergency safety equipment. The following safety elements should be met:. A written emergency action plan has been provided to workers;. Fire extinguishers, eyewash units, and safety showers are available and tested on a regular basis; and. Chemical spills. Accident procedures. In the event of an accident, immediately notify appropriate personnel and local emergency responders.
Provide an SDS of any chemical involved to the attending physician. Complete an accident report and submit it to the appropriate office or individual within 24 hours. Employee safety training program. New workers should attend safety training before they begin any activities. Additional training should be provided when they advance in their duties or are required to perform a task for the first time. Training documents should be recorded and maintained. Training should include hands-on instruction of how to use safety equipment appropriately.
Conduct drills. Practice building evacuations, including the use of alternate routes. Practice shelter-in-place, including plans for extended stays. Walk the fastest route from your work area to the nearest fire alarm, emergency eye wash and emergency shower. Learn how each is activated. In the excitement of an actual emergency , people rely on what they learned from drills, practice and training. Contingency plans. All laboratories should have long-term contingency plans in place e. Scheduling, workload, utilities and alternate work sites may need to be considered.